How has the Government of Morocco taken action to reduce disaster risk?

  • The Government of Morocco actively engages both local and international experts to aggressively respond to disaster and climate risks. The ARIMA project builds upon the Government of Morocco’s policy objectives, expertise, and prior technology investment.
  • In 2012, Morocco established the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction that supports policies for building resilience to disasters. The National Platform’s main objective is to bring all sectors together using an integrated strategy and framework to increase preparedness for disasters and reduce their impact.
  • Morocco also established a proactive ‘Moroccan Climate Change Policy’ (MCCP) in different sectors with the goals of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, reducing vulnerabilities, anticipating risks, and adapting the population, economic sectors, and natural environment.
  • The Moroccan government has implemented several reforms aimed at strengthening subnational authorities to achieve more balanced development across regions. These ‘Plan de Développement Régionals (PDRs)’ include environmental concerns and how to implement sustainable development.
  • Another key element of the Government of Morocco’s disaster risk management program has been the development of MnhPRA, a Geographic Information System (GIS) based software package to inventory national assets, identify potential hazards, and analyze potential impact. MnhPRA thus permits measurement of disaster risk, a key step towards managing that risk.
  • MnhPRA is open-source software developed during 2010–2012 under a project coordinated by an inter-ministerial committee and managed by the Ministère des Affaires Générales et de la Gouvernance (MAGG), with technical support provided by the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery,and scientific review by a panel of Moroccan university professors.

What is the UN-Sendai Framework?

A. The UN-Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 was adopted at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, on March 18, 2015. The framework’s goal is a substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries over the next 15 years. It outlines seven targets and four priorities for action to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risks.

The 7 targets are:

  • Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower the average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020- 2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
  • Substantially reduce the number of people affected globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020- 2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
  • Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
  • Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030 Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.
  • Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of the present Framework by 2030.
  • Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to people by 2030.

The four priorities are:

  1. Understanding disaster risk
  2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
  3. Investing in disaster reduction for resilience
  4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

What is the EU Civil Protection Mechanism?

As part of the Sendai framework, the European Commission committed to strengthening cooperation between Participating States in the field of civil protection with the goal of improving prevention, preparedness, and response to disasters. As a result, the European Commission created the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, which plays a key role in coordinating the response to disasters in Europe and beyond. This Mechanism facilitates coordination of disaster preparedness and prevention activities as well as the exchange of best practices among member states and the “European Neighborhood Policy” countries.

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